Hardest Basic Canadiana Quiz Ever

A quiz
by Chris Hibbard

(Inspired by an annual Nov. 11 Dominion Institute survey. Visit http://www.dominion.ca for more information, and to see previous nation-wide results.)


The Hardest Basic Canadiana Quiz Ever!

1. What name was given to the late 1890’s period in which 100,000 prospectors poured into the Yukon hoping to strike it rich?
2. Which Canadian inventor created the first commercially successful snowmobile?
3. What product gave the world’s oldest trading company, the Hudson Bay Company, it’s start?
4. After the 1929 stock market crash Canada experienced record levels of unemployment and a near collapse of exports. What is the name given to this dark chapter of our economic history?
5. When did Canada eliminate the one-dollar bill and replace it with the one dollar coin?
6. What great Canadian engineering feat was completed with the hammering of The Last Spike?
7. What is the name of the combination of dried meat and berries that First Nations and Métis people produced to feed fur traders?
8. What year did Canada becomes a country?
9. Who was Canada’s first Prime Minister?
10. This ‘accord’ was designed to give Quebec constitutional status as a distinct society, easing Quebecers’ fear of losing their identity within the English-speaking majority?
11. Which religious group is most prominent in Canada: United Church, Anglican Church, or Roman Catholic church?
12. What country took control of Quebec away from France by winning the battle of the Plans of Abraham?
13. Who was Canada’s first francophone Prime Minister?
14. What was the name of the route to Canada taken by blacks escaping slavery in the U.S.?
15. Name one group of Canadians who were evacuated from the West Coast during WWII because of their ethnic origin?
16. What Canadian city was severely damaged by a massive explosion in its harbour in 1917?
17. Which province was the last one to join Canada?
18. What is the significance of 1944’s D-Day?
19. November 11, Remembrance Day, was the last day of which war?
20. In what year were all Canadian women eligible to vote in federal elections?
21. Many of the early French-speaking settlers of what re now New Brunswick and Nova Scotia were resettled by the British government. What are those people and their descendents called?
22. The members of which ethnic group were once forced to pay a head tax to immigrate to Canada?
23. Name one of the wars in which Canada was invaded by the United States.
24. What is the name of the Métis leader who was hanged by the federal government in 1885?
25. What economic issue between the US and Canada dominated the Canadian federal elections of 1891, 1911 and 1988?
26. What name is commonly used to refer to the British subjects who fled to Canada during and after the American Revolution?
27. Name two countries Canada fought against during WWI.
28. What term is commonly used to refer to early French fur traders in Canada?
29. Name the Canadian who received the Nobel prize for Peace in 1957 for his efforts to peacefully resolve the Suez Crisis and then went on to become Prime Minister.
30. This term was coined for a period of socio-political change in 1960-era Quebec.
31. Who was the first Canadian in space?
32. Name the Canadian who received the Nobel prize for his discovery of insulin.
33. This man, founder of the Universal Health Care movement, was named the #1 Canadian a few years ago.
34. What is the name of the native people of Newfoundland who were hunted to extinction by Europeans?
35. Which Act brought about the creation of Canada?
36. Who was the Prime Minister at the beginning of the Second World War?
37. This famous fishing schooner raced undefeated for 18 years, including international schooner races in the 1920’s and 30’s.
38. This book, written by L.M. Montgomery, has been translated into more languages than any other novel in history, and has been made into a film twice.
39. Name the first woman to be elected to Canada’s Parliament 75 years ago in the first federal election in which women had the right to vote.
40. Name the Canadian hero who began his “marathon of hope” across Canada in 1980 to raise money for cancer research.
41. Name one of the three largest ethnic groups in Canada other than Canadians of French or British origin.
42. What are the three main groups of Aboriginal peoples?
43. From who are the Métis descended?
44. When is Canada Day?
45. What part of the Constitution legally protects the basic rights and freedoms of Canadians?
46. What is Canada’s system of government called?
47. What is the estimated approximate population of Canada?
48. What three oceans border Canada?
49. What is the capital city of Canada?
50. What year did Nunavut become a territory?
51. What position is the Canadian equivalent to America’s Head of State?
52. What is the name of our Governor-General?
53. What are the three parts of Parliament?
54. How many electoral districts are there in Canada?
55. What three requirements must you meet in order to vote in a Canadian federal election?
56. Name all of the federal political parties in the House of Commons.
57. Which four provinces first formed Confederation?
58. Name the five Great Lakes.

The answer key is posted below. But be warned – only one in 1,000 Canadians between the ages of 18-32 scored 100 per cent on a similar Federal-based quiz, with two-thirds getting less than half the questions right. So good on ya if you manage to pull this off.


Answer Key

1. Klondike Gold Rush
2. Bombardier
3. Fur
4. the Great Depression
5. 1987
6. Canadian Pacific Railway
7. Pemmican
8. 1867
9. Sir John A. MacDonald
10. Meech Lake Accord
11. Roman Catholic
12. Great Britain
13. Wilfred Laurier
14. The Underground Railway
15. Japanese, German, Italian, and more
16. Halifax
17. Newfoundland
18. The Battle of Normandy began – commencing the western allied effort to liberate mainland Europe from Nazi occupation.
19. WWI
20. 1918
21. Acadians
22. Chinese
23. War of 1812, American Revolutionary War
24. Louis Riel
25. Free Trade
26. United Empire Loyalists
27. Germany, Austria/Austria-Hungary, Turkey, Italy
28. Voyageurs
29. Lester B. Pearson
30. The Quiet Revolution
31. Marc Garneau
32. Sir Frederick Banting
33. Tommy Douglas
34. Beothuks
35. The British North America or BNA Act
36. Mackenzie King (William Lyon)
37. The Bluenose
38. Anne of Green Gables
39. Louise McKinney
40. Terry Fox
41. Scottish, Irish, German (followed by Italian, Aboriginal, Ukrainian, and Chinese)
42. First Nations, Métis, Inuit
43. First Nations and French Canadians
44. July 1
45. The Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms
46. Constitutional Monarchy
47. 31-32 million
48. Arctic, Atlantic, Pacific
49. Ottawa, Ont.
50. 1999
51. Governor-General
52. Michaëlle Jean
53. The Sovereign (Governor General & Prime Minister), the Senate, and the House of Commons.
54. 308
55. Must be a Canadian citizen, at least 18 years of age, whose name is on the list of electors (prisoners are allowed now).
56. NDP, Conservative, Liberal, BQ, Independent
57. Ontario, N.B, N.S., Quebec
58. Huron, Ontario, Michigan, Erie, Superior


~ by Chris Hibbard on April 23, 2009.

One Response to “Hardest Basic Canadiana Quiz Ever”

  1. Very interesting quiz! I ended getting around 49-50 of them.

    The reason why that number is not entirely clear is because some of the questions were context-specific (ex. “Who is the current Governor General?” is one that would have changed since 2009, as is #56, with the Green Party now having a seat in the House of Commons). Also, the answer to #41 would also vary depending on whether one reads “British” as just “English” or as including the Scottish, Irish, and Welsh. Finally, some would argue that, for #43, the answer should be “First Nations and French-Canadian or Scottish-Canadian”.

    But otherwise, this was both challenging and fun to complete, and is a great chance for people to learn some Canadian trivia – thanks for posting!

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